Headaches and Migraine
What are headaches and migraines?
Headache is one of the most common symptoms found in clinical practice and is pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. There are over 200 types of headaches, some being harmless while others are life threatening.
Headaches can be classified as either primary or secondary…
Primary: Migraines, tension-type headache, stabbing headaches, trigeminal neuralgia, headaches due to cough, exertion headaches and cluster headaches.
Secondary (classified by cause): Trauma or injury, cranial or cervical disorders (strokes), inflammatory disease, tumours, poisons, medications, high blood pressure, fasting, and disorders of the jaw, teeth or temporomandibular joint.
Depending on how the headache presents and the neurological examination will determine the treatment. Primary headaches which are the most common, and can present as: pulsating, affecting one side only, nausea, shooting facial pain, severe pains that occur together in bouts or a continuous headache on the one side. Secondary headaches may be caused by problems elsewhere such as the neck muscles or overuse of medications.
Symptoms that require further investigations: new or different headache in someone over 50 years old, severe headache that develops within minutes, inability to move a limb, confusion, being woken by headache, headache that worsens with changing posture, headache worsened by exertion or coughing, visual abnormalities, jaw pain on chewing that resolves afterwards or neck stiffness with fever, photophobia or rash.
For more information, call your local clinic on the number below.
London, Canary Wharf Clinic; (Canada Place Shopping Mall): 0203 197 9100
Leeds : 0113 345 5060